How to paint a room

how to paint a room - maxis services

It’s essential to know how to paint a room if you plan to tackle any home improvement projects yourself. And going the DIY route on your next home renovation could be a cost-effective and satisfying process.

Learning how to paint a room is easier than you might think. We recommend painting in the warm summer months and ensuring that your room is well ventilated. Always start by cutting in the edges and applying your paint from top to bottom. With the correct planning, tools, and technique, you’ll be painting like a pro in no time.

In fact, you’ll be surprised at how straightforward it is to paint a room or multiple rooms, for that matter. The key is in the planning and, when done correctly, you’ll likely save a great deal of money by doing the job yourself.

But if the idea of taking on a sizeable painting job is still overwhelming, don’t worry. Our painting experts have put a comprehensive guide together to lead you through the process. Follow our step-by-step process, and you won’t have any problems.

Our Easy Guide on How to Paint a Room

Here’s an easy step-by-step guide to walk you through how to paint a room like a pro.

1.  Think About the Look & Feel

Your first step is to consider how you would like your finished paint job to look. For instance, you’ll need to decide whether you want to create a textured or smooth finish. This is a vital step when exploring how to paint a room.

Should you choose to go with gloss or semi-gloss paint, the finish will reflect the light. As a result, there’ll be a shine on the wall. However, if you select matt paint, it will absorb the light and won’t leave the wall with that polished look.

On the other hand, a satin finish paint offers a balanced look to the surface with a slight shine to it. Satin and gloss paints give you the added benefit of being easy to clean.

Matt paints, unfortunately, are not as easy to clean. And they are most suitable for low-traffic rooms less likely to require regular cleaning.

If your room contains mouldings or trim, you should consider whether you’d like to paint these a different colour. These decorative features can make for great accents when painted with a contrasting colour to the walls.

Consider whether the room ceiling needs to be painted and how you would like to paint it. The ceiling is usually painted white or a very light colour to add height to a room.

A darker colour on the ceiling could make the room feel smaller. But it could also be an interesting and unconventional way to bring an accent colour into the room.

2.  Choose Your Colours

Choosing the colour of your paint is also a vital step when determining how to paint a room.

First, you should ask yourself whether you’d like to create a warmer or cooler space. You should also decide whether you’re going to paint all the walls the same colour or include an accent wall. These decisions will have a significant influence on your overall colour palate.

Consider the colours present on any existing furniture and flooring in the room. For example, if you have bulky dark wood furniture, you’ll be better off going for a lighter colour on the walls.

Grabbing some paint chips in various colours will help you narrow down your colour selection. You’ll find paint chips at your local paint retailer. And you can compare and match colours by holding them up next to each other.

After that, you should obtain small sample tins of the colours you like best to test in the room. Paint a square patch of two coats of the colours you want on each wall in the room. Each patch should be about 12 inches squared.

By painting a patch on each wall, you’ll see what the colours look like in different parts of the room. It’s also important to note how your sample patches look at various times of the day. This will give you a good idea of what to expect when the whole wall is painted within those colours.

Many prominent paint manufacturers also have online software that allows you to generate a mock-up of your room in different colours. But remember that viewing colours on the computer screen will yield very different results to the paint in real life.

3.  Gather Your Tools & Materials

Ensuring you have all the tools and materials you need is crucial when learning how to paint a room. When you have the right tools for the job, you’re able to deliver the best possible results.

The following list represents the key elements you’ll need when painting your room:

  1. Paint: The paint in your chosen colours.
  2. Primer: This will be used as a base coat.
  3. Roller and extension: You’ll use the roller to paint the bulk of the wall surface. And with an extension handle, you won’t need to use a ladder.
  4. Brushes: Get yourself brushes in a few different sizes. Make sure you have smaller brushes for finer details and small spaces.
  5. Drop cloths: These will be used to protect your furniture and floor. We advise that you purchase fabric drop cloths rather than plastic drop cloths. Fabric drop cloths are less slippery and easier to work with.
  6. Paint tray: You’ll gather the paint on your roller from this tray.
  7. Sandpaper: The sandpaper will be used to smooth any rough surfaces.
  8. Painter’s tape: Buying proper painter’s tape is best. We don’t advise using masking tape or any other substitutes.
  9. Rags: There will be an unwanted drop or two of paint at some point, which you can wipe up quickly with a handy rag.
  10. Putty knife: You’ll need a putty knife if you have to apply spackle to the wall.
  11. Clean wooden stick: This will be used to mix the paint.
  12. Old clothes or overall: Wearing old clothes or protective clothing will prevent you from getting paint on your good clothes.

Note that you can ask your paint supplier for advice when purchasing your paint and tools.

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4.  Calculate the Amount of Paint Needed

One of the first questions that most people ask is how much paint they will need to paint the room. Knowing how much paint you need will help to determine your required budget. And, if the budget is tight, it may also dictate the type of paint you end up buying.

When learning how to paint a room, remember that 1 gallon of paint will cover 250-400 square feet of the surface. This is the general rule of thumb, and it gives allowance for 2 coats of paint.

If you’re painting a light colour over a darker colour, we recommend first applying a primer to the wall. You can then add the 2 coats of your chosen paint on top of the primer.

You can carry out a more accurate calculation using an online paint calculator. And you’re bound to find one on almost all major paint manufacturers’ websites.

But, if you’re still unsure, you can always speak to your local paint retailer. The in-store representatives should be able to help you calculate the amount of paint you need.

Calling on a painting and home improvement specialist like Maxis Services may also be beneficial. Maxis Services can assist with advice on the type of paint, the amount needed, and the correct tools for the job.

5.  Get Your Room Ready

Ideally, you should remove all furniture from the room before painting. But we know that isn’t always possible. In this case, you should use your drop cloth to cover and protect the furniture.

If you know how to paint a room, you’ll be aware that you should remove curtains, wall hangings, hooks, etc. You should also take any light switch covers off the walls and cover the exposed electrical wires with painter’s tape. Your walls should be completely clear.

We recommend placing drop cloths on the floors as well. This way, you’ll prevent getting any paint on your carpet or wooden floors.

Once clear, wash your walls with a heavy-duty cleaner to remove dirt and grease and ensure that your paint sticks. Then scrape any loose paint flakes off using your putty knife.

If there are any chips or cracks on the walls, use some spackle or patching compound to patch them up. When dry, lightly sand the raised patched sections to even out the surface before painting.

The last step is to tape up your edges, trim, mouldings, window frames, etc., with painter’s tape. This will prevent you from getting unwanted paint on these areas.

6.  Get Your Paint Ready

As you discover how to paint a room, you’ll learn that you also need to prep your paint.

When paint stands, the pigment separates from the rest of the solution. And it then settles at the bottom of the container. Therefore, before using your paint, you must stir it thoroughly to ensure the pigment is mixed in evenly.

We recommend using a clean wooden stick, such as a dowel, to mix your paint. And we advise that you mix both before use and at intervals while painting. This will help to maintain a consistent hue throughout your painting process.

Perhaps you’re working with multiple tins of the same colour. In this case, you should mix them into a large paint bucket to ensure uniformity of colour.

7.  Plan Your Application Process

There are a few things to bear in mind before dipping your brushes into the paint. And taking note of these points will go a long way toward understanding how to paint a room.

These are the most important factors to take heed of when learning how to paint a room:

  • Work from the top down. Therefore, if the ceiling needs painting, you’ll start with that. Then you’ll move to the walls and work your way down.
  • Paint one wall at a time. Cut in the edges of one wall with a brush, then fill in the larger space using your roller. Once done with one wall, move on to the next.
  • Apply paint to your walls and large surfaces before tackling the trim, mouldings, and more minor features.
  • Start with a coat of primer if you’re covering a dark colour with a light colour. Or if you have patched up any cracks or chips on the wall.
  • Always paint your feature or accent wall last. This way, you can apply painter’s tape to the dry edges to ensure neat, straight lines.

When your paint is ready for use, pour some into a small container you can hold easily with one hand. Grab an angled brush and cut in the edges of the wall or ceiling you’re painting.

Then, half-fill your roller tray with paint and use your roller to apply paint to the larger space between the borders. It’s essential to roll the paint in different directions using overlapping strokes.

Rolling in a “W” pattern is best. This helps to avoid noticeable roller stroke marks and spreads the paint evenly over the surface.

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8.  Ventilate Your Room

While breathing in paint isn’t as harmful as it used to be, it’s still advisable to ensure that your room is well-ventilated. Good ventilation will also help to speed up the drying process.

When investigating how to paint a room, take note that paint will take longer to dry when the air is humid. So, you must keep the room dry and maintain a comfortable level of warmth in the space.

If necessary, you could even introduce a fan or two to help dry the paint.

9.  Finish Off and Tidy Up

When learning how to paint a room, a key factor is that you should always clean up properly when you’ve finished painting.

For instance, you should always decant left-over paint from your roller trays back into the paint tins as soon as possible. This will reduce wastage and save you money should you need paint for touch-ups at a later stage.

Another crucial step is to clean your brushes thoroughly to avoid permanent damage. If you’ve been painting with water-based paint, you can wash the bristles with warm soapy water.

But oil-based paints will require mineral spirits to remove the paint from the brush. Store your brushes in their packaging or loosely tape the bristles to ensure the brush maintains its original shape.

Note that if you need to take a break while painting, wrap your brushes in plastic wrap. This will keep them moist and flexible for a day or so. Remember that you can always use a 5-in-1 painter’s tool to remove paint from the bristles if need be.

Once your room is painted and the walls dry, you can gently peel the remaining painter’s tape off. Carefully remove drop sheeting, ensuring that any paint on the sheet doesn’t touch your furniture, floor, or clothing.

And that’s it. You’ve just completed painting your room.

Conclusion on How to Paint a Room

As you can see, painting a room is a straightforward process. Granted, there are a few things to consider and prepare before you begin. But once you know how to paint a room, you may find yourself completing an entire room in as little as a day.

While it’s admirable to take on the painting yourself, you may need a professional to assist. This is especially true when renovating a space or multiple areas of your home.

A professional, experienced, and trustworthy contractor like Maxis Services can help lighten the load. Offering a host of home improvement and maintenance services under one roof, they can help ensure that your remodelling project runs smoothly.

Learning how to paint a room is easy. And with our detailed guide you’ll be painting walls, trim, mouldings, and more like a pro in no time.

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